Ecohumanism of the short story by V.G. Korolenko The Frost and the novel by A.V. Gelasimov Into the Thickening Fog

Oksana Innokentievna Ivanova, Oksana Vasilievna Sizykh, Olga Vladimirovna Dediukhina

Resumen


The relevance of this article is explained by the humanistic potential of the artistic thought of V.G. Korolenko and A.V. Gelasimov, whose works are united by problematic and thematic identity, despite the time period separating these writers. In this article, environmental thinking, expressed in literary works, is developed methodologically, which is in line with modern literary studies. The purpose of the article is to identify the general and the particular in environmental thinking of Korolenko and Gelasimov, enabling to concretize the concept of these writers’ works. A comparative typological approach is applied in this research. The article proves the existence of typological similarities at different levels of the text: figurative, narrative-compositional and stylistic. It is argued that cold/frost, being a borderline situation in the fate of the heroes, becomes the leading ethical-philosophical category that forms the ideological center of the literary works. The inner conflict of the reflective hero is manifested through antinomies: love and hate, cowardice and fortitude, alienation and involvement in life, cynicism and decency, depression and a rise in vitality. Cold/frost acts as an eco-indicator, helping to check both the physical and the spiritual strength of a person. Nature and man, representing the unity, are in constant confrontation at the same time, and human ability for self-sacrifice and spiritual rebirth becomes a guarantee of survival for man. Moreover, the northern force of nature stimulates the spiritual growth of a person being put in a situation of choice by extreme conditions. The term “eco-metaphor”, having a semantic core and a semantic peripheral domain created by the author is introduced into scientific circulation.

Palabras clave


ecohumanism, eco-metaphor, cold, frost, Korolenko, Gelasimov, symbol, ethical and philosophical issues.

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