Yekaterina A. Lomakina, Angelina I. Dubskikh, Olesya V. Kisel, Anna V. Butova, Aleksandr L. Soldatchenko


The article defines the role of M. V. Lomonosov as one of the founders of the Russian state poetic historiosophy of the XVIII century. It is concluded that Lomonosov odic works were focused on the reflection of the rapidly changing present, on glorification of the people who carry the idea of enlightened autocratic power and on popularization of the concept about Russian statehood progressive development. It is emphasized that the main historical character of Lomonosov odes becomes Peter I, who acquires the status of a mythologeme, a cultural hero, the figure that stands between the ancient and new history of Russia. It is concluded that in Lomonosov solemn odes there was created the political historiosophy about Russian government for a quarter of a century - from the end of Anna Ioannovna reign to the beginning of Catherine II reign. The picture of "Imperial happiness" emerging in the poet's mind was formed on the basis of mythologism, naturalistic and secularized providential historicism. Lomonosov made the concept of progressive development for Russian statehood and culture of the XVIII century and it was assimilated by all the authors of odes and epic poems for the second half of the century.

Palabras clave

poetry XVIII; Russia; M. V. Lomonosov; historiosophy; mythology; ode; topos power; the myth of Peter I

Texto completo:



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